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Candlestick Chart

Type of price chart used in technical analysis, which shows the high, low, open, and closing prices of a securities over a given time period. Before becoming well-known in the US, it was first used by Japanese rice dealers to keep track of market prices and daily momentum over three centuries ago. Based on whether the closing price is greater or lower than the opening price, the wide portion of the candlestick chart known as the body of the candle, or simply the candle, informs investors of the trade emotion for that particular time frame (red if the stock closed lower, green if the stock closed higher).

Understanding Candlestick Charts

Candlestick charts are a type of financial chart used to represent the price movement of an asset, such as stocks, commodities, or currencies, over a specific period of time. They were first developed in Japan during the 18th century to help traders analyze the price movement of rice. The popularity of candlestick charts has since spread worldwide and is now widely used by traders and investors to analyze financial markets.

Candlestick charts display the open, high, low, and closing prices of an asset for a specific time frame. Each period is represented by a "candlestick" that consists of a rectangular body and two "wicks" or "shadows" extending from the top and bottom of the body. The body represents the opening and closing prices of the asset, while the wicks represent the highest and lowest prices of the asset during the period.

Candlesticks are typically color-coded to indicate whether the price of the asset has gone up or down during the period. A green or white candlestick represents a period in which the price of the asset has gone up, while a red or black candlestick represents a period in which the price of the asset has gone down. The color-coding convention may vary depending on the charting software or platform being used.

Types of Candlestick Charts

Candlestick charts provide traders with a visual representation of the price movement of an asset over time, allowing them to identify trends, patterns, and potential reversal points. Some of the most common patterns that traders look for in candlestick charts include:

  1. Doji: a candlestick with a very small body that indicates indecision in the market.
  2. Hammer: a candlestick with a small body and a long lower wick, indicating a potential reversal from a downtrend.
  3. Shooting star: a candlestick with a small body and a long upper wick, indicating a potential reversal from an uptrend.
  4. Engulfing pattern (bullish engulfing and bearish engulfing) : two candlesticks where the body of the second candlestick completely engulfs the body of the first, indicating a potential trend reversal.

By identifying these patterns and using technical analysis tools, traders can make informed decisions about when to buy, sell, or hold an asset. Candlestick charts are particularly useful for short-term traders who rely on technical analysis to make quick decisions based on market movements.

Conclusion

In conclusion, candlestick charts are a popular type of financial chart used by traders and investors to analyze the price movement of an asset over time. They provide a visual representation of the open, high, low, and closing prices of an asset, as well as the trend, patterns, and potential reversal points. By understanding the basics of candlestick charts and technical analysis, traders can make informed decisions about when to enter or exit a market.


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