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Bid

An offer to purchase an asset from a person or business is referred to as a bid. At auctions and on numerous markets, including the stock market, bids are frequently placed by buyers. Companies that compete for project contracts may also submit bids. When placing a bid, a buyer must specify both the amount they are willing to pay for the item and the amount they are willing to spend on it. 1 A market maker's willingness to purchase a security at a particular price is referred to as a bid. However, market makers are also required to display an ask price, unlike retail purchasers.

Understanding Bids
There wouldn't be any kind of market without buyers and sellers. The ability to buy and sell assets is facilitated by each participant. Entities that offer their assets for sale are known as sellers. Customers are people who are interested in making a purchase. The stock market, actions, stores and any other type of marketplaces are the common places where buyers and sellers can meet and do business.

The market in which these items are sold will determine how bids are handled. Bids can be placed in person or online at an auction, while bids for stocks and other assets are typically placed by investors through their brokers. In ce occasion and for some stocks, the bidding process might be kept secret. With this method, bids are submitted sealed to prevent potential controversy.

In business, bids are submitted in order to secure lucrative contracts for certain projects. Packages are sent to prospective bidders as part of the bidding process. Governments and major enterprises alike issue these type of contracts for building and maintenance projects across several sectors, including security, healthcare, education and infrastructures.

Bid and Ask: the Spread
Bid is related to demand, the need or want for something. Ask is related to supply, the availability of something. The difference between the two prices (bid and ask) is called the spread or bid-ask spread. The bid-ask spread is a good measure of the market's perception of supply and demand for a specific equity. 
Bids are made by buyers to purchase products and services they want and/or need, which includes anything of value, such as stocks, bonds, commodities, currencies, or other investments. 

The bid price is the highest price at which a buyer is willing to pay for purchasing a stock or any other security; the ask price is the lowest price at which a seller is willing to sell a stock or any other security. The spread is the quantitative difference between the bid and the ask.

Example of Bid-Ask Spread
For example the bid for XYZ stock is $10.25 and the ask is $10.28. The bid-ask spread is 3 cents ($0.03). When buying, the buyer pays the higher price: the ask price. When selling, the seller receives the lower price: the bid price. Therefore, the wider the spread the more costly is the transaction for the trader/investor.

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