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Advance/decline ratio (ADR)

Advance-decline ratio (ADR) is a typical market-breadth indicator used in technical analysis. Advance-decline ratio (ADR) contrasts the proportion of equities that closed higher with the proportion that closed lower than their closing prices from the prior day. To get the advance-decline ratio, divide the number of advancing shares by the number of sinking shares.


Using the ADR: A Quick Explanation
To determine if a small number of stocks are responsible for the market's overall success, investors can check the advance-decline ratio's (ADR) moving average against market index performance like the Nasdaq or the New York Stock Exchange. Using this contrast can help shed light on the underlying factors that may be driving an apparent price increase or decrease. Oversold markets are often characterized by a low advance-decline ratio, whereas overbought markets are marked by a high ratio. In this way, the ratio of advances to declines might serve as an early indicator of a market trend reversal.
Knowing when to take advantage of a change in trend is crucial for any technical analysis strategy. The advance-decline ratio is a useful metric for gauging the strength of market momentum and providing early warning of probable trend changes.
The advance-decline ratio provides only the level of advances relative to decreases as a standalone metric, but when combined with other complementing measures, insightful financial analysis is possible. In actuality, it is not customary for traders to rely entirely on the advance-decline ratio.
The ratio of new advances to declines can be computed on a daily, weekly, or monthly basis. Analysts and traders find the ratio form of the measure to be more user-friendly than absolute numbers, such as comparing the number of stocks ending higher with the number of stocks going lower on that day.

Variations on the Success/Failure Ratio (ADR)
The ratio of progress made versus progress lost can be used in two ways. Aside from just looking at the absolute value, you can also analyze the ratio's historical trend. The overbought/oversold status of the market can be deduced from the advance-decline ratio, which is useful when other indicators are unavailable. A look of the ratio's movement over time can shed light on whether the market is experiencing bullish or negative momentum.
If the advance-decline ratio is high in isolation, it could indicate that the market is overbought, while a low ratio would indicate that it is oversold. In the meantime, a ratio that is steadily rising could indicate a bullish trend, while a ratio that is steadily falling could indicate a negative trend.

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